from the draft pile: Millennial Evangelicals & the Fair Trade Movement

Sometimes I write articles that don’t end up getting accepted for publication. I wrote this one in April at the request of a newspaper editor. It’s not my usual tone for the blog, but I thought it needed to see the light of day. 


For fair trade activists,
this is the busy season. On April 24, people and organizations across the globe
asked retailers, “Who made my clothes?” wearing their garments inside out to
expose the tags and sharing their photos on social media. It was the second
annual Fashion Revolution Day, a call-to-action event founded by Carry Somers,
owner of British fair trade brand, Pachacuti,
in reponse to 2013’s Rana Plaza garment factory collapse that killed 1,133
people and injured hundreds more. In its first year, #fashrev represented the
number one global trend on twitter and, thanks to the efforts of a growing fair
trade community, this year brought meaningful engagement across social media
Now, we’re just a week
away from World Fair Trade Day on May 9, and the fair trade community and the
wider umbrella of conscientious consumers
are at it again, finding new incentives and new angles to promote the fair
trade cause. Though the movement is not an expressly Christian one, it should
come as no surprise that Evangelicals, and particularly those of the millennial
generation, are taking up the banner.
I should know, because I was one. I grew up in a conservative Evangelical household, where Biblical Literalism
was the default and the Sinner’s Prayer was the key to being saved. By college,
however, I’d become disenchanted with a culture that felt too insular, too
judgmental, and too materialistic to really follow Jesus’ call of radical
humility. It wasn’t until I bought my first pair of TOMS shoes, however, that I
began to question who made my clothes. I didn’t realize it then, but I had
joined the fair trade movement. During the inevitable spiritual identity crisis
that came with questioning the worldview I was born into, I held onto the basic
principle that Jesus modeled humanity and community for me, and that my calling
– rooted in me so deeply that it would remain a part of my identity no matter
what I concluded at the end of my spiritual questioning – was to work for
justice and peace in the lives of others.
Evangelicals are uniquely
equipped to join social movements because they hold activism, or faith in
action, as a key component of their religious experience, and they’re often
quite successful in the movements they undertake. As demonstrated by the rise
of the religious right in the 1980s and more recent anti-abortion protest
movements, Evangelicals’ tightly bound church communities and emphasis on
seeking ultimate Truth, for better or for worse, are a powerful rallying tool. They
also prioritize personal relationship with Jesus, which manifests itself in a
desire to study and experience God’s Word for themselves. This predisposition
to self-examination informs the discussion within the fair trade movement even
when a Christian perspective is not explicitly stated.
Evangelicals of the
millennial generation employ the tools of their heritage to propel the fair
trade movement forward.  Young
evangelicals may be critical of the materialism and political narrow-mindedness
of older generations, but they haven’t lost the Holy Spirit fire. They’re
motivated to find solutions to injustice and poverty in a globalizing world.
though their explicitly religious rhetoric represents a relatively small
portion of the fair trade conversation, they’re a vocal bunch.
I spoke with a number of
fair trade bloggers and organizations rooted in the Evangelical tradition and
their answers to the question,
How does your Christian worldview motivate you to pursue a fair trade lifestyle?”
display a nuanced, thoughtful approach to global justice. 
Let’s Be Fair blogger, Dominique, states, “If I say I value justice and love, I
need to strive to live out those values in all things. So serving children in
Africa is an act of love but it is not greater than serving my neighbor.” 

Lewis, owner of fair trade shop, Purse& Clutch, describes her journey this way: “For me, the first step is
educating myself.
The more I learn about who makes my clothes, the more I begin
to see the effects of my actions and purchasing decisions, and I can more
clearly see the opportunity to show love in a very behind the scenes, thankless
way. And isn’t that typically the best way to show love to others?”  

John Barry, co-founder of charity, Jesus’ Economy, a fair trade shop and
development project, sees his involvement in fair trade as a direct result of
globalization, saying: “The world is now interconnected. Each of us is
dependent on our global neighbors, including the goods they supply. But much of
the products on offer in the U.S. are made using practices that oppress other
people, keeping them impoverished instead of lifting them up. Fair trade provides
the alternative needed.”
A popular paraphrase of
Jesus’ words in Mark 12:30-31 is “Love God. Love neighbor” and millennial
Evangelicals are determined to live that out, expanding the term neighbor to mean anyone we have the
power and resources to help. In a globalizing world, that increasingly means
everyone. There’s still a long way to go, of course, and fair trade activists,
Christian or not, must continually examine their intentions and systems to
ensure that our attempts to help are effective and empowering.
The fair trade
movement, like any other cause, benefits from critique, but the energy and
sincerity of Evangelicals will do much to propel justice forward.


I recognize that a lot more could be said on this topic and that millennials, Evangelicals, and millennial Evangelicals are vast, diverse groups. I would love your comments and thoughts on this topic. Are there other reasons that millennial Evangelicals may be interested in conscientious consumerism? Do you think they’re doing a good job?

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